The German Army made the deepest advances either side had made on the Western Front since 1914. Les Alliés, en comparaison, ont concentré leurs forces principales sur des objectifs essentiels (les approches de ports de la Manche et la jonction ferroviaire d'Amiens). V.2 L’Offensive D’Avril 1917. L'assaut allemand débute par un tir de barrage de 4 600 pièces d'artillerie, suivi d'une attaque de sept divisions sur un front de 15 km. In many sectors, the Germans, deprived of any surprise as their fuel-starved air force had lost air superiority to the Allies, advanced no further than the French Forward Zone, and nowhere did they break the French Battle (Second) Zone.[32]. Malgré les appels désespérés du général Haig, Foch refusa d'engager ses réserves restreintes. In six months, the strength of the German army had fallen from 5.1 million fighting men to 4.2 million. La Deuxième Grande Offensive Allemande Du Printemps, 1918. Also known as the Ludendorff Offensive , after its commander Erich Ludendorff . The rear zone existed as outline markings only, and the battle zone consisted of battalion "redoubts" which were not mutually supporting (allowing stormtroopers to penetrate between them). After an entire year spent in the trenches, the Portuguese were tired and had suffered heavy losses. By the end of the first day, the British had lost 7,512 dead and 10,000 wounded and the Germans had broken through at several points on the front of the British Fifth Army. En août 1918, les Alliés lancent une contre-offensive (offensive des Cent-Jours), en utilisant de nouvelles méthodes opérationnelles et en s'appuyant sur l'usage massif d'artillerie. mobilisation. The advance was slowed by supply shortages, which gave Allied commanders more time to reinforce the threatened areas and to slow the advance still more. They also lost 1,300 artillery pieces and 200 tanks. Duchêne's massing of his troops in the forward trenches also meant there were no local reserves to delay the Germans once the front had broken. Nonetheless, the German advance (consisting of 21 divisions attacking over a 23 mi (37 km) front) along the Matz River was impressive, resulting in an advance of 9 miles (14 km) despite fierce French and American resistance. The 1918 Spring Offensive, or Kaiserschlacht ("Kaiser's Battle"), also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, beginning on 21 March 1918.The Germans had realised that their only remaining chance of victory was to defeat the Allies before the … Restait cependant à encaisser les dernières attaques allemandes, les plus terribles de la guerre. [29] German losses were again mainly from the difficult-to-replace assault divisions. 18 cm. By Captain Ferlus. 1931: Download pdf. Offensive du Printemps (bataille du Kaiser), Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, 50° 00′ 10″ nord, 2° 39′ 10″ est, Bombardements de Paris et de sa banlieue durant la Première Guerre mondiale, Seconde bataille de la Marne, juillet 1918 - Mémorial de Dormans, Vie en Belgique durant la Première Guerre mondiale, Gouvernement général impérial allemand de Belgique, Comité national de secours et d’alimentation, Section artistique de l'armée belge en campagne, Résistance intérieure belge (1914-1918), Mémoire de la Première Guerre mondiale en Belgique, Entrée des États-Unis dans la Première Guerre mondiale, conférence de Kreuznach des 17 et 18 mai 1917, conférence de Hombourg du 13 février 1918, traité de Brest-Litovsk (Empires centraux-Ukraine), Portail des forces armées des États-Unis, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Offensive_du_Printemps&oldid=177607042, Bataille de la Première Guerre mondiale impliquant la France, Bataille de la Première Guerre mondiale impliquant l'Australie, Bataille de la Première Guerre mondiale impliquant la Nouvelle-Zélande, Bataille de la Première Guerre mondiale impliquant le Canada, Bataille de la Première Guerre mondiale impliquant le Royaume-Uni, Bataille de la Première Guerre mondiale impliquant les États-Unis, Conflit militaire géolocalisable sans coordonnées paramétrées, Article contenant un appel à traduction en anglais, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, Portail:Première Guerre mondiale/Articles liés, Portail:Époque contemporaine/Articles liés, Portail:Histoire militaire/Articles liés, Portail:Forces armées des États-Unis/Articles liés, Portail:Empire britannique/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Within a few weeks, the danger of a German breakthrough had passed, though related fighting continued until July. Le 9 avril, l'offensive Michael fut arrêtée dans la région de Montdidier. Gneisenau was called off the following day.[31]. English: Media relating to the German Spring Offensive of 1918 on the Western Front in Europe, collectively known in German as the Kaiserschlacht (Kaiser's Battle). The territorial gains were in the form of salients which greatly increased the length of the line that would have to be defended when Allied reinforcements gave the Allies the initiative. This change had not been completely implemented by the Allies. They re-took much ground that they had lost in 1916-17 and took some ground that they had not yet controlled. Depuis la commune d'Hangest-en-Santerre, la 163e division d'infanterie dirigée par le général Debeney défendait Moreuil. Le 11, à partir de Méry, le général Mangin organise une contre-attaque de trois divisions françaises et deux divisions américaines. The 1918 Spring Offensive, or Kaiserschlacht ("Kaiser's Battle"), also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, beginning on 21 March 1918. After fruitless attempts to capture Amiens, Ludendorff called off Operation Michael on 5 April. Despite French and British resistance on the flanks, German troops advanced to the Marne River and Paris seemed a realistic objective. Ludendorff now postponed Hagen and launched the German Seventh, First and Third Armies in the Friedensturm (Peace Offensive) of 15 July, a renewed attempt to draw Allied reserves south from Flanders and to expand the salient created by Blücher–Yorck eastwards. The bombardment [hit] targets over an area of 150 square miles, the biggest barrage of the entire war. [34] By July, the German superiority of numbers on the Western Front had sunk to 207 divisions to 203 Allied, a negligible lead which would be reversed as more American troops arrived. The stormtrooper tactic was to attack and disrupt enemy headquarters, artillery units and supply depots in the rear areas, as well as to occupy territory rapidly. After a few days, the German advance began to falter, as the infantry became exhausted and it became increasingly difficult to move artillery and supplies forward to support them. Items in Stacks; Returning convalescents could supply 70,000–80,000/month but there were only 300,000 recruits available from the next annual class of eighteen-year-olds. It was also a line of least resistance as the British and French armies were weak in the sector. [30] Ludendorff sought to extend Blücher-Yorck westward with Operation Gneisenau, intending to draw yet more Allied reserves south, widen the German salient and link with the German salient at Amiens. 3 mars : . The rest follows." Physical description 155 p. illus. It was, however, of little value; a Pyrrhic victory in terms of the casualties suffered by the crack troops, as the vital positions of Amiens and Arras remained in Allied hands. The offensive failed to deliver a blow that could save Germany from defeat, which has led some historians[who?] Le 9, Hutier a pris Ressons, le 10, Ribécourt, et les troupes françaises ont dû se replier derrière l'Oise et le Matz ; mais la gauche tient bon, et les Allemands n'ont pu prendre Courcelles. Les Allemands s'étaient rendu compte que leur seule chance de gagner la guerre était d'anéantir les Alliés avant que les États-Unis ne puissent déployer suffisamment de troupes en Europe pour vaincre l'Allemagne. On March 21, 1918, near the Somme River in France, the German army launches its first major offensive on the Western Front in two years. The German breakthrough had occurred just to the north of the boundary between the French and British armies. [24] All of this could be replaced, either from French and British factories or from American manpower. Améliorez sa vérifiabilité en les associant par des références à l'aide d'appels de notes. From 0440, the fire-waltz pounded 43 miles of British lines – such a vast stretch the Allies were left uncertain where the assault would occur. In this sector, the defences had not been developed in depth, mainly due to the obstinacy of the commander of the French Sixth Army, General Denis Auguste Duchêne. [26], The German attack took place on 27 May, between Soissons and Reims. In July 1918, the Allies regained their numerical advantage with the arrival of American troops. [35] Even worse, they lost most of their best-trained men: stormtrooper tactics had them leading the attacks. There were four German offensives, codenamed Michael, Georgette, Gneisenau, and Blücher-Yorck. The attack started on 9 April after a Feuerwalze. The fast-moving stormtrooper units could not carry enough food and ammunition to sustain themselves for long, and the army could not move in supplies and reinforcements fast enough to assist them. After a day, the Germans had achieved only minor gains and had suffered heavy casualties. Because of this, Ludendorff continually exhausted his forces by attacking strongly entrenched British units. Avant que les défenseurs britanniques étourdis ne puissent réagir, des équipes spéciales de troupes d'assaut allemandes sortirent du brouillard et de la fumée pour attaquer ou contourner les points stratégiques des lignes. "The Tragic Pursuit of Total Victory. In theory, a British infantry division (with nine infantry battalions) deployed three battalions in the outpost zone, four battalions in the battle zone and two battalions in the rear zone.[18]. In this sector, the British defences in depth were complete and fully manned, some of the opening German bombardment hit only empty positions and there was no fog to give cover to the attacking stormtroopers. Je suis rappelé au 132 qui cantonne aux environs et nous embarquons d’urgence à Montreux-Vieux. French casualties from "Official Returns to the Chamber, March 29, 1922", Churchill, "The World Crisis, Vol.

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