Psaumes Psaume 23. 99 “Mercy is the covenant-word rendered ‘steadfast love’ elsewhere (see on 17:7). also Ps. Because God was David’s shepherd, he lacked (wanted) nothing. Verse 4 gives us yet another reason why God can be relied on to guide His sheep. The reality behind the imagery is the Lord’s favor. 11-12). 2 Je dis à l'Éternel: Mon refuge et ma forteresse, Mon Dieu en qui je me confie! 3 He restores my soul; He guides me in the paths of righteousness For His name's sake. In order to be refreshed and renewed in spirit, rest is a prerequisite. In conclusion, let me note also the providence of God in the life of David. PSAUME 23 Demande de la pureté du cœur. } While a shepherd provides his sheep with food, rest, and restoration, God provides His sheep with His Word, which is the principle means of giving spiritual nourishment, rest, and restoration. We can be confident that God will guide His people because their lives reflect on Him as their Shepherd. He guides us “for His name’s sake.” A. 109-110. bHasStory0 = true; 4:1-11) and in the warning of Paul concerning the doctrine of demons (1 Tim. Furthermore, His “rod” and “staff” (v. 4c) give us comfort. The blessings and the calmness of soul which David experienced in his life and expressed in this psalm would be a delight to anyone, but how can we be assured of them in our lives? No doubt David did write psalms as he spent lonely hours with his flocks in the field, but it is difficult to imagine that a psalm of such depth could have been written by a young lad.75 A young lad knows little of the dangers and disappointments of life or of the opposition which is referred to in verses 4 and 5. 45:7 (M. T. 8), 92:10 (M. T. 11), 133:2; Ec. Verses 4 and 5 confirm this as well. Psaume De Protection Priere De Protection Prières De Délivrance Prière Pour La Réussite Toujours Priere Contre Le Mal Priere De Chance Prière Saint Antoine Prière Juive. Those who do not believe in Jesus Christ as their Shepherd are not sheep, but “dogs” and “hogs” (cf. Gen. 46:28-34). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,... restaureEveryone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." 91 Celui qui demeure sous l'abri du Très Haut Repose à l'ombre du Tout Puissant. Il prend soin d'elles, il veille sur elles, Il leur parle, Il les conduit, Il les nourrit, les protège, les soigne... Même dans la vallée des épreuves, il est présent. Il me fait reposer dans de verts pâturages, Il me dirige près des eauxeaux paisibles. Cf. 1 Sam. 5 Thou dost prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; Thou hast anointed my head with oil; My cup overflows. In verses 2-4 David describes those things for which he, as God’s sheep, will never lack. Many of you know it by heart. 17:35), the latter for control—since discipline is security.” Ibid, p. 111. 34:10, emphasis mine; cf. 12), and individually (Ps. John 1:29). They understand that He has laid down His life for them (John 10:15). 1-11); His guests shall be of a cheerful countenance and a gladsome heart (civ. It was understood that this was a provision of shelter and food, but even more it was a guarantee of protection from harm. Does debt affect giving in modern times in light of the Israelite tithe and slaves? 023:03 - Il restaure mon âme, Il me conduit dans les sentiers de la justice, A cause de son nom. 7). I am inclined to see two images in the psalm, that of the shepherd (vv. The shepherd's care for his sheep is, internally, describing the things that the Lord does for us in our spiritual journey. 7:14). Christian comfort is only for Christians. I will feed My flock and I will lead them to rest,” declares the Lord God (Ezek. Psaume De Protection. 46); He provides for the joys as well as the necessities of life (John ii. As the psalm unfolds we hear about the Lord’s work for us, during states in our lives when we could be unsure and afraid, and of the Lord’s provision for us. All through the ages Satan has attempted to portray God as a begrudging giver who only provides when He must. Psaume 23:1 Cantique de David. 6 L'Eternel est mon berger: je ne manquerai de rien. Cantique de DavidDavid. Psalm 23 cannot be fully appreciated apart from the word of God spoken to Israel through the prophet Ezekiel. Le Psaume 23 est vraiment un Psaume sur le berger diligent, et c'est ce que Christ est vraiment. It readied him for battle (cf. Je dis à l’Eternel: «Tu es mon refuge et ma forteresse, mon Dieu en qui je me confie!» Oui, c’est lui qui te délivre du piège de l’oiseleur et de la peste dévastatrice. Psaume 27 (26) - Le seigneur est ma lumière et mon salut. Quand je marche dans la vallée de l'ombre de la mort, Je ne crains aucun mal, car tu es avec moi: … In our church we emphasize “body life,” and I believe this is rightly so. In times of need, companionship is good; and He is armed. Details found in v. 2 especially indicate that it was, perhaps, even the older David who composed the psalm.” H. C. Leupold, Exposition of Psalms (Grand Rapids: Baker Book House [reprint], 1969), p. 209. Those who enjoy the benefits of being cared for by the Good Shepherd (John 10:14) are those who know the Shepherd’s voice and who follow Him. Avec le psaume 23 (22), mettez-vous sous la protection de Dieu. What a wonderful assurance! It was not half-filled, but running over. Never forget that while you are also one of God’s flock, His care for you is an individual type of care, not merely as a number or as a series of perforations in a computer card. Psaume de David. David never lost his assurance of God’s care and His keeping. In many of this word’s occurrences ‘death’ could be a kind of superlative, as in NEB’s rendering here, ‘dark as death,’ and in the term ‘deep darkness,’ used by RSV elsewhere. 76 With this background in mind, let us begin our study of Psalm 23. Deut. in 1971. Two doubts tend to make us question this kind of personal and individual care. A Lasting Legacy: Choosing A Wife For Isaac (Gen. 24:1-67). 28.” Kirkpatrick, p. 126. As a reader accepting that Ps 23 really is about David [or me], as the shepherd's sheep, the medicinal oil on the head and wine in the cup are another demonstration of caring by a skilled shepherd. Psaume 51 (50) - Psaume de repentance. It savors of pedantry to press this statement, ‘He restores my soul,’ to the level of what sheep can experience and to stress, what is true enough that nephesh can also mean ‘life,’ and so arrive at the meaning: He revives me or my life. 86 Kirkpatrick has observed that the term “guides” (v. 3) is “… often used of God’s guidance of His people collectively (Ex. 4:1-4). We must be very careful here, however, that we do not go too far. Psaume de David 23 - Téhilim 23 023:01 - Cantique de David.L'Éternel est mon berger: je ne manquerai de rien. xv. Others believe there is also the image of the hospitable host or the friend in verses 5 and 6. 1 A Psalm of David. 49:24). 147-148. xlv. (Re)découvrez ses paroles de foi et d’abandon à la fidélité de Dieu. The title of shepherd was given to kings, especially David (2 Sam. I do, however, agree with Leupold when he warns us of taking these highly figurative terms mechanically, thereby missing their spiritual implications: “… it is not only physical well-being that the true Shepherd provides for His own. La brebis se serre près de son berger, en se plaçant sous la protection de sa houlette. Psaume 148 - Psaume de louange. Now behold, I have two daughters who have not had relations with man; please let me bring them out to you, and do to them whatever you like; only do nothing to these men, inasmuch as they have come under the shelter of my roof” (Gen. 19:6-8). 76 This is the view of Bernhard Anderson, who writes, “The major problem in interpreting this psalm is that it presents two images which seem to be inconsistent. The shepherding care in verses 2 and 3 speaks about how the Lord leads us into acquiring new truths that bring heavenly peace and rest for us. 90 “The dark valley, or ravine, is as truly one of His ‘right paths’ as are the green pastures—a fact that takes much of the sting out of any ordeal.” Kidner, p. 110. 1: Psaume de David . The first line of verse 3, “He restores my soul,” continues this same thought of the rest which God provides for his sheep. A Shepherd and His SheepUse oil pastels or wax crayons to make a picture of shepherd, then use a sponge (cut into the shape of a lamb) to make little lambs around him.Project | Ages 7 - 10, Blessings: Good Tidings of Great JoyBlessings to say at mealtime.Activity | Ages over 7, Blessings: Unto Us a Child Is BornBlessings to say at mealtime.Activity | Ages over 7, Experiencing the Twenty-third PsalmExplore the meaning of each phrase in Psalm 23, then help children experience it using their five senses.Activity | Ages up to 10, Following the Lord Our ShepherdUse magnets to picture members of a family following the Lord as the shepherd.Project | Ages up to 10, Lord Is My Shepherd DioramaMake a simple diorama to help remember the Lord's unceasing care.Project | Ages 4 - 10, Memory Verse: God Meant It for GoodActivity | Ages 4 - 14, Out of the ForestA story showing how the Lord leads as described in the 23rd Psalm.Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14, Quotes: The Lord Is My ShepherdTeaching Support | Ages over 15, Rainbow Method of Learning the 23rd PsalmUse the colors of the rainbow to help you learn the sequence of this psalm. Activity | Ages 4 - 10, Ribbon Bookmark to EmbroiderEmbroider a satin ribbon with the words: "The Lord is my Shepherd" and pictures of a shepherd's staff and a little lamb.Project | Ages over 7, Shepherd and His Sheep DioramaProject | Ages 7 - 17, Talking with Your Child About the Twenty-Third PsalmArticle | Ages over 18, The Good ShepherdWorship Talk | Ages 4 - 7, The Good ShepherdSpiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.Activity | Ages over 18, The Lord Is My ShepherdThe Lord with His flock all around Him.Coloring Page | All Ages, The Lord Is My ShepherdPrint and display this lovely poster of the Twenty-third Psalm with an illustrative color border.Picture | Ages over 7, The Lord Is My Shepherd"The teaching that the Lord is our Shepherd is a powerful and comforting one. Furthermore, since we are all to be shepherds of God’s flock in the broadest sense, we can learn a great deal not only about our Shepherd, but also about shepherding. 93 Leupold tends toward the view that both “rod” and “staff” refer to the shepherd’s crook, which is a multi-purpose instrument: “Perhaps, then, those interpreters are nearest the truth who claim that the one commonly observed shepherd’s crook could be used for purposes of defense as well as to guide and direct sheep that stray from the road …” Leupold, p. 213. Goodness and lovingkindness are probably the two most comforting attributes of God’s character for the Christian. (Apocalypse Explained 727)The final verse is put in terms of our full conviction of being in the Lord for ever and in all the days of our lives. 12:13). The expression “lie down” speaks of rest (cf. 78 A. Whether or not we are able to grasp how a father could offer his virgin daughters to such a mob, we must at least gain some appreciation for the strong sense of obligation Lot felt to the two men in view of his hospitality.96 Psalm 23:5 describes this type of protective hospitality. They enter into eternal blessings through Jesus Christ who is the door to the sheepfold (John 10:1ff.). 101 “Now it is no longer his enemies who ‘pursue’ him; rather it is Yahweh’s grace and goodness that follow after him as long as he lives.” Bernhard Anderson, Out of the Depths, p. 148. Deut. Psaumes - Chapitre 35Bible Louis Segond (LSG)by Public Domain#Psaume35 9:8; Am. Heb. When David spoke of Yahweh as his shepherd, he thought of Him not only as his provider and protector but also as his king. While this message does not dwell on this area of application, allow me to suggest that Psalm 23 not only describes the Good Shepherd, but also good shepherding. 5:11). There is a fair amount of disagreement about the structural divisions of Psalm 23, based upon differences of opinion in the number of poetic images employed. 3 Car tu l'as prévenu par les bénédictions de ta grâce, Tu as mis sur sa tête une couronne d'or pur. also Ps. Satisfaction, significance, and security are all abundantly supplied to the believer by God, as indicated by the imagery of the hospitable host.98 An even greater fellowship and graciousness is suggested by the hospitality motif than by that of the pastoral imagery. As David wrote elsewhere: The young lions do lack and suffer hunger; but they who seek the Lord shall not be in want of any good thing (Ps. Thus the Lord Jesus identified himself as the Good Shepherd (John 10:11; cf. He does this by supplying him with the necessary provisions of food and water, which sheep require. In the words of the Good Shepherd Himself: ““My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me; and I give eternal life to them, and they shall never perish; and no one shall snatch them out of My hand” (John 10:27-28). 74 Bernhard W. Anderson, Out of the Depths: The Psalms Speak for Us Today (Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1974), p. 144. 125-126. That seems to be the inference of his older brothers who were off doing more important work such as fighting wars (cf. Against the backdrop of the false shepherds who had abused and oppressed God’s flock, God promised to return to His people as their shepherd and to give them rest: For thus says the Lord God, “Behold, I Myself will search for My sheep and seek them out. 4 David was not served “leftovers,” but was abundantly given the finest provisions in the house. 6:6; Lk. A good shepherd is all a sheep needs since a good shepherd, by his very nature will always supply all of the sheep’s needs. 102 “The language is figurative, and the phrase ‘house of the Lord’ does not necessarily imply the existence of the temple (Ex. "3: Car c'est lui qui te délivre du filet de l'oiseleur et de la peste funeste. Some even see the imagery of a guide in verses 3 and 4. “My cup runs over” means the unknown extent of the truths of the Word and the blessings of the Lord. It may appear at first glance that David would have written this psalm as a boy while tending his flock. 2: Je dis à Yahweh: " Tu es mon refuge et ma forteresse, mon Dieu en qui je me confie. He leads his sheep to places of nourishment and rest (v. 2), but he also leads them in the proper paths. It is to be expected that he will speak of God’s care in sheep-like terms. Our head anointed with oil has many associations of being the Lord’s chosen, of being loved and blessed by the Lord, and of how our mind with its understanding receives love and good to make it full of heavenly joy. Prière pour la délivrance - Psaume de David. Perhaps Bernhard Anderson has best expressed the value of the Twenty-third Psalm when he wrote, No single psalm has expressed more powerfully man’s prayer of confidence ‘out of the depths’ to the God whose purpose alone gives meaning to the span of life, from womb to tomb.74, While few of us understand the life of the shepherd in the ancient Near East, most have been able to grasp the message of comfort and assurance conveyed in the psalm. In pastoral circles no human protection is greater than that afforded by the hospitality of a Bedouin chief.95. }, 050 - Salvation Is a Turning Upside Down and Inside Out, The Psalms, with the Internal Sense and Exposition, Study the original Hebrew/Greek with qBible, Psaumes 27:4, 31:4, 34:10, 11, 92:11, 106:8, 109:21. The “rod” and the “staff” serve here as instruments of protection and assistance. Only by faith in what Jesus did on the cross, only when we accept that all we can do is believe that Jesus did it all, only then can we know the Shepherd's care, only by grace, through faith can we know how well God takes care of His people. Gradually the psalmist confirms his trust in the Lord’s guidance and declares the many blessings the Lord brings. Phillip Keller has written a book on Psalm 23 entitled A Shepherd Looks at Psalm 23, which has many helpful insights. (Arcana Caelestia 650), The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 273, Arcanes Célestes 57, 650, 3384, 3696, 4715, 4876, 5120, ...5201, 6078, 7571, 9527, 9780, 9954. 97 “Jehovah is no niggard host, like the Pharisee (Luke vii. As a shepherd cares for his herd in the day when he is among his scattered sheep, so I will care for My sheep and will deliver them from all the places to which they were scattered on a cloudy and gloomy day. Discipline may seem unpleasant at the moment, but it is a comfort in the long term (cf. David has described his relationship to God using the imagery of the shepherd and his sheep. 4 Quand je marche dans la vallée de l'ombre de la mort, Je ne crains aucun mal, car tu es avec moi: Ta houlette et ton bâton me rassurent. 2 Je dis à l'Éternel: Mon refuge et ma forteresse, Mon Dieu en qui je me confie! "my sheep know my voice" 2 Sam. What does the Bible say to the church, and to the individual Christian, about the role of politics in the church? The temple was not yet built in David’s day. Psaume 1 - Psaume de bonheur Psaumes - Chapitre 91Bible Louis Segond (LSG)by Public Domain.#Psaume91 #Psaumes The purpose of this message is to help us more clearly understand the imagery used to convey comfort and calm to the soul of those who are a part of God’s flock by faith in Jesus Christ. 5-6). Rest is certainly related to the required physical provisions of food and water, but rest is also related to restoration. It is His presence which dispels our fears. (You can do that anytime with our language chooser button ). 21). Few people fail to appreciate the simplistic beauty and comfort contained in the Twenty-third Psalm. Test. Taken in its most literal and restricted sense, this expression conveys David’s thought that God “renews and sustains my life.”84 As David’s shepherd, God provides him with rest and restoration. (NASB). N’entre pas en jugement avec ton serviteur, car aucun vivant n’est juste devant toi. 3:1) served to prepare him for shepherding God’s flock, the nation Israel: “He also chose David His servant, and took him from the sheepfolds; from the care of the ewes with suckling lambs He brought him, to shepherd Jacob His people, and Israel His inheritance” (Ps. 17:28). 91 “Thou, at this point of danger, replaces the more distant ‘He’, in a person-to-person address; for the Shepherd is no longer ahead, to lead, but alongside to escort. 1-4) and that of the host (vv. 6 Surely goodness and lovingkindness will follow me all the days of my life, And I will dwell in the house of the LORD forever. 16:11; 17:15, 28, 34-36). With Him we need nothing else (cf. La protection pleinement suffisante de Dieu - Celui qui habite sous l’abri du Très-Haut repose à l’ombre du Tout-Puissant. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and... marcheTo walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk... mal'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. The relationship between the sheep and their shepherd involves a sense of trust and security.Worship Talk | Ages over 18, The Lord Is Our ShepherdColor picture of the Lord our Shepherd.Picture | Ages up to 14, The Lord’s Rod and StaffThis family talk explains what the Lord's rod and staff are in our lives, and how He uses them to comfort us. Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14, The Shepherd Rescuing His SheepProject | Ages 11 - 17, The Stream of Providence GameThis game is about the Lord leading us toward His heavenly sheepfold. Activity | Ages 11 - 14, The Twenty-third PsalmWorship Talk | Ages 7 - 14, The Twenty-third Psalm BookIllustrate the literal meaning of the psalm or its application to life. Project | Ages 7 - 14, The Twenty-third Psalm Calligraphy with IllustrationsProject | Ages 7 - 14, Twenty Third PsalmSunday School Lesson | Ages 9 - 12, Two RoadsSpiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.Activity | Ages over 18, Understanding the Twenty-third PsalmAn outline showing parts of the Psalm 23 with suggestions for explaining them to children.Activity | Ages 4 - 10, Would you like to choose another language for your user interface? The clear implication of David’s statement in Psalm 23:1 is that as one of God’s sheep he will lack nothing which is necessary for his best interest. 211-212. The term “shepherd” came to be used in a much broader way,79 describing leadership either of an individual or a group. 4 Il te couvrira de ses plumes, Et tu trouveras un refuge sous ses ailes; Sa fidélité est un bouclier et une cuirasse. We can sense this from Old Testament passages such as Genesis 18:1-8, where Abram graciously entertained three “men” who passed by as strangers. 94 “The shepherd imagery has served its purpose, to be replaced by one of greater intimacy.” Kidner, p. 111. The amount of security which any host could provide depended upon his prestige and power. Ps. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. Il me conduit dans les droits sentiers, à cause de son nom. From Ezekiel 34:15 I understand that the sheep would lie down to rest after having been fed. 1 Sam. 83 “The quiet waters”: “Lit. The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. 13; Deut. Our whole mode of thinking is “want-centered.” David tells us that to have God as our shepherd is indeed to have everything we want. 2 3 The more impersonal “he” of verses 2 and 3 is now the much more intimate “Thou” in verse 4.91 As someone has observed, God goes before us when the path is smooth, but He stands beside us when the way is dangerous and frightening. But there are other times when we read Psalm 23 and heave a sigh, thinking "I don't feel like the sheep in Psalm 23 right now. What we experience and say in terms of time and duration spiritually means what is certain, perpetual and to all eternity. I Sa. Châtiments et ruine des méchants et des ennemis. 15).” Kirkpatrick, p. 127. The shepherd image was very common in the ancient Near East78 and very obviously based upon one of the principal occupations of that day. David is assured that he will “dwell in the house of the Lord”102 forever.103. document.write(sStoryLink0 + "

"); 1:79).” Kidner, p. 111. Now I understand that David meant that since he had the Lord as his shepherd, he had no other want; he was lacking nothing. Puissante prière de protection divine, le psaume 23 à écouter et à lire tous les jours. 13:5; cf. While God may not always use His power to keep us out of trials, His presence and His power will always be with us to keep us through our trials. One of the assurances the psalmist is confident he will never lack is the leading of God in his life. The table prepared in the presence of David’s enemies was the host’s public announcement to them not to attempt to molest David in any way. G. Dalman, Arbeit und Sitte in Palastina (1932), VI, pp. The good shepherd leads his sheep in the right paths. Ezekiel 36:22-32 draws out this searching implication of the phrase for his name’s sake, but adds the corollary that, to uphold that name, God will make new men of us, whose ways will be His own.” Kidner, p. 110. God is also portrayed as a begrudging giver in the temptation of our Lord (Matt. comme ton secours le remplit d'allégresse! 10), not to the regal anointing, for which a different word is used.” Kirkpatrick, p. 127. C’est celui qu’on mémorise le plus quand on est enfant. Psaume 35 (34) - Psaume du juste persécuté. Read verse in Louis Segond 1910 (French) David was truly a “man of sorrows.” Nowhere did God promise David (or any other saint) freedom from the suffering and trials of life. 2 Tu lui as donné ce que désirait son coeur, Et tu n'as pas refusé ce que demandaient ses lèvres. 9; Ps. We should not understand David to mean that with God as his shepherd he had everything one could possibly desire or possess; this would be as wrong as to think that Israel never did without anything while in the wilderness (cf. 89 “The familiar translation ‘the shadow of death’ goes beyond the meaning of the Hebrew term which means ‘deep darkness’ (Amos 5:8; Isa. Let us see this psalm not only as a superb text on the Shepherd, but as a model for all shepherds. 34:15). The fact that God was David’s shepherd did not keep him from many trials and tribulations. Psaumes Psaume 91. The first is tribulation. 3 Car c'est lui qui te délivre du filet de l'oiseleur, De la peste et de ses ravages. (in this verse) ‘to length of days,’ which is not in itself an expression for eternity. Psalm 23 is a great Psalm to read and be comforted. v. 8, xxvii. Satan desires to deceive those who trust in God, and wants them to believe they are lacking and deprived of the good things in life. Ho. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His... bergerThe Writings tell us that shepherds represent those who lead and teach others, using knowledge and true ideas to help people reach the goodness of... eauxWater was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). Especially in times of distress, such as the death of a loved one, we instinctively turn to the assuring words, “The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want.”. The LORD is my shepherd, I shall not want. Pr. 238ff.). 80 It is my personal opinion that Phillip Keller (A Shepherd Looks at Psalm 23), at times, lets his knowledge of sheep carry him beyond David’s intended meaning. The psalmist’s head was anointed with oil, a generous gesture97 which bestowed honor on him as an esteemed guest. Ce sont une seule et même chose, servant à la fois d'appui pour le berger et de signal pour la brebis. The “rod” and “staff” represent the power of the Lord’s truths for us to use; a rod - used actively to guard the sheep - stands for spiritual truths, and a staff is leaned on, representing natural truths or truths to do with life.”(Apocalypse Explained 727)With the provision of truth from the Lord, the psalm shifts to the picture of the bounteous table which truth brings to us as our spiritual nourishment and satisfaction. Whether there are two distinct instruments indicated by these two terms92 or just one93 is open to discussion. This offered great security, especially since the host was a man of influence and generosity. In a similar way, Christians are warned about eating a pagan religious meal with unbelievers, because of the intimacy and union of such an act (1 Cor. ; whereas the shepherd lives with his flock and is everything to it: guide, physician and protector.” Derek Kidner, Psalms 1-72 (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1973), pp. I fear that Leupold does the same in his interpretation of verse 5. Celui qui a les mains innocentes et le coeur pur; Celui qui ne livre pas son âmeau mensonge, Et … 4. 4: Knowing David was a shepherd in his early years, we may be inclined to interpret this psalm from the perspective of the shepherd. 11 Jun 2020. 7, xcii. Psaumes 23.1. Anc. 2 He makes me lie down in green pastures; He leads me beside quiet waters. 'The children... ombre 'The shadow is good' of the oak, poplar and elm means complacence. 8:7-9). Just as parents are evaluated by the way they care for their children, shepherds are judged by the condition of their flocks. Perhaps the disciplinary use of the “rod” is implied as well. Dimanche 13 novembre à Dieppe nous avons eu un culte familial, pendant le culte nous sommes divisé en petits groupes de travail: un groupe biblique pour regarder en profondeur le texte, un groupe autour du thème du berger et un troisième groupe autour des tableaux mettant en scène le psaume 23. 11, etc. 198-199. Ainsi la verge de Moïse rappelait à Israël toute la puissance de … 2-3). Some paths are dangerous and should be avoided. 11).” A. F. Kirkpatrick, The Book of Psalms (Grand Rapids: Baker Book House [reprint], 1982), p. 125.

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